California Spanish Genealogy
by SFgenealogy

[Editors' note: The information in the brackets [ ] has been added by the compilers (William Marvin Mason, et. al.) from church records.  The information in the braces {} have been added from Mutnick, Northrop, and Temple's Mission Abstracts.]

CENSUS OF ALTA CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 1, 1775

PRESIDIO OF MONTEREY

Captain Don Fernando de Rivera y Moncada
Sergeant José María Góngora
Corporal Juan José Robles
Corporal Francisco Lugo, married [to Juana {Martinez y} Vianazul; children: Tomasa, Rosa, José Antonio, and José Ignacio {baptized on Jan 8th}].

Soldiers:

José Antonio Ontiveros
Juan María Olivera
Francisco Peña
Francisco Reyes
José Antonio Peña
Diego Ruiz
Hermenegildo Sal
Rafael Gerardo Gonzales
Pablo Victoriano Cervantes
Juan María de la Cruz Verdugo
José Francisco Acevedo
Manuel Higuera, married [to María Antonia Redondo; children: Juan José and José Faustin]
Seferino Lugo, married [to Gertrudis Pacheco]
Bernardo Heredia, married [to Nicolasa Elisalde {aka Lisalde}]
Xavier Beltrán, married [to Gertrudis de Lugo; adopted children: María Valencia and Gertrudis Valencia {did not have the girls until after 1776}]
Nazario Saez, married [to Micaela Sotelo; {child: Joseph Miguel}]
Felipe García, married [to Petra Alcántara de Lugo; child: Juan José]
Manuel Antuna, married [to Juana Gertrudis Serna; child: Valvanera]
Joaquín Espinosa
Antonio Espinosa
Antonio Buelna
Juan Sánchez

Widows:

Serafina Lugo de Espinosa; [{widow of Josef Joaquin Cayetano Espinosa;} children: {Antonio}, Salvador {Manuel}, {José Joaquin}, {José Thomas},  Tomás {or José} Gabriel, and {José} Cayetano]

Josefa Domínguez de Buelna; [mother of soldier Antonio Buelna, above]

GARRISON FOR CARMEL [MISSION]

Corporal Marcelino Bravo, married [to María del Carmen Chamorro]

[Catalonian] Volunteer soldiers:

Manuel Butrón, married [to Margarita {Dominguez}]
Domingo Aruz, married [to Serafina {neofita, godparent: Verdugo}; child: Francisco José]
Antonio Yorba, married [to María Garcia {or Gracia} {neofita, godparent: Feliz}; child: Pedro Antonio]
Francisco Sinova [soldado de cuera]
Hermenegildo Flores [soldado de cuera]

GARRISON FOR SAN ANTONIO [MISSION]

Corporal Alexo Duarte, married [to Gertrudis]

Soldiers:

Rafael Villavivencio, married [to Ildefonsa {neofita, godparent: Bergas}; child: María Josefa]
Juan María Ruiz, married [to Margarita {de Cortina}]
José María Verdugo
Anastacio Féliz
Fernando Ruelas

GARRISON FOR SAN LUIS OBISPO [MISSION]

Corporal Pablo Antonio Cota

Soldiers:

Vicente Briones, who is probably married by now [to Maríana {de Padres}]
Francisco Cayuelas [Catalonian Volunteer], married [to {Maria} Dolores]
Antonio Montaño [Catalonian Volunteer], married [to {Maria del} Pilar]
Juan Antonio Labra [soldado de cuera]
Luis Peña [soldado de cuera]

EMPLOYEES OF MONTEREY

Tadeo Rivera
José Guerrero
José Maria Gonzales
Jacinto Gloria

SAILORS LEFT BY THE SHIPS, AND WHO HELP WITH THE PRESIDIO

Alexo Cortés
Miguel Phelipe
Bonifacio Salazar
Manuel Antonio, because he was sick
Eugenio Rosalío [Villavicencio]
José Tiburcio [Altamirano]
Blacksmith José Gregorio Segura
Carpenter José Urcelino

There is another lad, now sent to Loreto as he's married and has been absent for years...

Manuel Orosco

In Carmel with my consent lives surgeon Don José Dávila, married [to Josefa Carbajal; child: Fabián Sebastián]

EMPLOYEES OF CARMEL

Tómas Muñoz y Camacho, married [to Tecla María; child: Serafina]
Ignacio [Narciso] Olivera

SAILORS LEFT BY THE SHIP

Maríano Basilio
Feliciano Santiago
Miguel Gutiérrez
Lorenzo Resa, married [to María Teresa Ochoa]
Blacksmith Fernando Chamorro, married [to Ana María Hurtado; child: María Cipriana]
Carpenter Manuel Dávila, married [to Gerónima Montaño; children: José Estanislao, José Antonio, María Josefa, and José Mariano]

EMPLOYEES OF SAN ANTONIO [MISSION] TWO SAILORS LEFT BY THE SHIP. . .

Antonio Esteban
Inocente Gonzales

EMPLOYEE OF SAN LUIS OBISPO [MISSION]

José Bernardo Rosales, married [to Mónica]

PRESIDIO OF SAN DIEGO

Lieutenant José Francisco de Ortega, married [to Antonia Carrillo; children: Ignacio, Luisa, {and  Joseph María}]
Sergeant Maríano Carrillo
Corporal Guillermo Carrillo
Corporal Maríano Verdugo

Soldiers:

Alexo Gonzales
Manuel Robles
Alexandro Soto
Francisco María Ruiz
Manuel Bernal
José María Soberanes
Martín Reyes
José María Ortega
Juan Estevan Rocha
José Raymundo Carrillo
José Manuel León
Nicolás Gonzales
Juan Francisco López
José Mariano Yépiz
Maríano Cordero
José Antonio Ruiz Leyva
Luis Lugo
Juan José Domínguez
Ignacio Vallejo
Joaquín Higuera
Joaquín Armenta
Antonio Patrón
Nicolás Beltrán
Francisco Antonio Sotelo
Juan de Ortega
Ignacio Rafael Alvarado
Alejandro Ruiz

From the above are detached the six [soldiers] of the [San Diego] Mission. I do not list them separately because the Lieutenant doesn't indicate which ones they are.

Two blacksmiths:

Felipe Romero [with his mother Petrona García]
José Manuel Arroyo

A carpenter:

Manuel Rodríguez

EMPLOYEES:

Manuel Virján, muleteer
Francisco Bernal, muleteer

There was one other, a certain Luis Contreras, who has now been sent on to Loreto because he is married and has been absent for years.

GARRISON FOR SAN GABRIEL [MISSION]

Corporal Juan José Robles. . . has been called to this presidio

Soldiers:

Gerardo Peña
Antonio Cota
José Bonifacio Estrada
Juan Alvarez
Rafael Márquez

It is seen clearly that one is missing [Rafael de Pedro y Gil ?]

There are two prisoners, without salary:

Anastacio Camacho
Agustín Castelo

San Gabriel has a carpenter:

José Lorenzo Esparza, married [to Manuela Dávila]

An employee:

Cristóbal Cárdenas, muleteer

These soldiers are of different categories-whites, blacks, and one or another Indian from the other shore.

[signed] Fernando de Rivera y Moncada


Sources:
The Census of 1790, A Demographic History of California. William Marvin Mason. Ballena Press, Menlo Park, California, 1998. 22-28.
Some Alta California Pioneers and Descendants, 1776-1852. Dorothy Gittinger Mutnick. PastTime Publications, Lafayette, California, 1982; Copyright 1989, Contra Costa Historical Society.
Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California: 1769-1850, Volume 1. Marie Northrop. Polyanthos, New Orleans, 1976
Thomas W. Temple Mission Abstracts. (on compact disk) Los Californianos, San Leandro, California, 1972.

Submitted by Ron Filion, with additional information by Julia Christy.

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