San Francisco History

San Francisco
Population


TABLE 1

Year
Total
Rank [1]
1794
1,056
—
1798 [1a]
833
—
1800
867
—
1815
1,488
—
1830
350
—
1842
196
—
1844 [2]
50
—
1846 [2]
200
—
Aug 1847 [2]
459
—
Apr 1848 [2]
850
—
Jul 1849 [2]
5,000
—
Dec 1849 [3]
25,000
—
1850 [3a] 21,000 —
1852 [3b]
36,151
—
1860 [4]
56,802
15
1870 [4]
149,473
10
1880
233,959
9
1890
298,997
8
1900
342,782
9
1910
416,912
11
1920
506,676
12
1930
634,394
11
1940
634,536
12
1950
775,357
11
1960
740,316
12
1970
715,674
13
1980
678,974
13
1990
723,959
14
2000 776,733 13
2000 [9]
781,204
—
2001 [9]
790,028
—
2002 [9]
796,815
—
2003 [9]
800,231
—
2004 [9]
804,723
—
2005 [9]
809,992
—
2006 [9]
817,844
—
2007 [9]
830,096
—
2008 [9]
844,278
—
2009 [9]
851,674
—
2010 [9]
859,658
—
2010 [10]
805,235  

TABLE 2

Year
White (%)
Hispanic (%) [5]
Chinese (%)
Black (%)
Asian (%)
Japanese (%)
Filipino (%)
American
Indian (%)
Pacific
Islander (%)
Other (%)
1847 [3c] 375 (81.7) — — 10 (2.2)  — — — 34 (7.4) 40 (8.7)  0 (0.0)
1852 [3b] 35,531 (98.3) — — 323 (0.9) — — — 159 (0.4) — 138 (0.4)
1860 [6]
78,293 (94.0) — 3,130 (3.8) 1,800 (2.2) — — — — — 0 (0.0)
1870 [6]
136,059 (91.0) — 11,728 (7.8) 1,330 (0.8) — 302 (0.2) — — — 54 (0.0)
1880
210,496 (90.0) — 21,213 (9.1) 1,628 (0.7) — 65 (0.0) — — — 557 (0.0)
1890
270,696 (90.5) — 25,833 (8.6) 1,847 (0.6) — 590 (0.2) — — — 31 (0.0)
1900
325,378 (94.9) — 13,954 (4.1) 1,654 (0.4) — 1,781 (0.5) — — — 15 (0.0)
1910
400,014 (95.9) — 10,582 (2.5) 1,642 (0.4) — 4,518 (1.1) — — — 156 (0.0)
1920
490,022 (96.7) — 7,744 (1.5) 2,414 (0.4) — 5,358 (1.0) — — — 1,138 (0.2)
1930
620,891 (95.0) — 16,303 (2.6) 3,803 (0.6) — 6,250 (1.0) — — — 5,147 (0.8)
1940
602,701 (95.0) — 17,782 (2.8) 4,846 (0.8) — 5,280 (0.8) 3,483 (0.5) 224 (0.0) — 220 (0.0)
1950
693,888 (89.5) — 24,813 (3.2) 43,502 (5.6) — 5,579 (0.7) — 331 (0.0) — 7,244 (0.9)
1960
604,403 (81.6) 51,602 (7.0) 36,445 (4.9) 74,383 (10.0) — 9,464 (1.3) 12,327 (1.7) 1,068 (0.1) — 2,226 (0.3)
1970
409,285 (57.2) 101,901 (14.2) 58,696 (8.2) 96,078 (13.4) — 11,705 (1.6) 24,694 (3.5) 2,900 (0.4) — 10,415 (1.5)
1980
402,131 (59.2) 84,194 (12.4) 82,244 (12.1) 86,190 (12.7) — 12,461 (1.8) 38,690 (5.6) 3,566 (0.5) — 53,692 (7.9)
1990 [7]
387,783 (53.6) 100,717 (13.9) — 79,039 (10.9) — — — 3,456 (0.5) — 210,876 (29.1)
2000 [8]
  411,427 (53.0) 109,504 (14.1) — 67,076 (8.6)  253,477 (32.6) — —  8,971 (1.2)  6,273 (0.8)  65,757 (8.5)

Last Updated: 14 March 2011.


Notes

[1] Rank was based on comparison with other cities in the United States.

[1a] Presidio: 80 men, 44 women, 36 boys, 46 girls, 206 total (Spanish). San Francisco Mission [Dolores]: 310 men, 258 women, 27 boys, 30 girls, 625 total (Indians); 2 men (Spanish); 627 total.

[2] These totals were published by Langley, and were most likely only for Yerba Buena and not the surrounding areas; Langley reported 500 for September 1847. According to the California Star (28 August 1847) there were 459 total adults and children. According to the California Star (18 March 1848), there were 575 male adults, 177 female adults, and 60 children of age to attend school; also that "scarcely eight months since [September?] the total number of whites was 375."

[3] According to the The Annals of San Francisco, "...at the close of 1849, the population of the town numbered, at least, twenty, and probably nearer twenty-five thousand souls."

[3a] According to the newspaper article where this figure was published (Daily Alta California, 18 April 1851), "...the census [of 1850] was taken in the months of September and October...at a period when the miners had already left, or were leaving in large numbers for the more southern mining counties...") Also, in 1850, San Francisco County included the area now known as San Mateo County.

[3b] These figures are from statistics reported by the Secretary of State to the California Legislature in 1853. Two other categories were also reported: Mulattoes—141, and, Foreign Residents—19,303. Also, in 1852, San Francisco County included the area now known as San Mateo County.

[3c] According to the California Star (28 August 1847), there were white males-247, white females-128; Indian males-26, Indian females-8; S. Islander males-39, S. Islander females-1; Negro males-9, Negro females-1.

[4] Totals for 1860 and 1870 are from the United States Census. Langley, through canvassing for his city directory, derived different figures: 1860—83,223 and 1870—172,750.

[5] Figures for Hispanics were included under "White" until 1960. In 1970, persons of Spanish surname and language were considered a separate racial group. Figures for Hispanics in 1980, 1990 and 2000 may overlap other groups.

[6] The figures for 1860 are from Langley, those for 1870 from the U.S. Census. Langley's figures for 1870 were: White—153,750 (93.3%), Chinese—9,000 (5.5%), Black—2,000 (1.2%), and a Transient population of 8,000.

[7] The categories of Chinese, Japanese, and Filipino were included in the single category of "Asian or Pacific Islander" and shown here under "Other."

[8] These figures reflect "Race alone or in combination." Those who selected "One Race" were: White—338,909 (43.6%), Black—60,515 (7.8%), Native American—3,458 (0.5%), Asian—239,565 (30.8%), and Pacific Islander—3,844 (0.5%).

[9] These figures are from the California Department of Finance as of July of each year.  "County population proportions result from averaging three methods:

  1. "DLAC Method. A modified version of the state Driver License Address Change (DLAC) method is used for counties. County proportions of the state total result from changes in county population values for births, deaths, school enrollment, foreign and domestic migration, medical aid enrollments, and group quarters population.
  2. "Ratio-Correlation Method. This method models change in household population as a function of changes in the distributions of driver licenses, school enrollments, housing units, and deaths. Estimates of county group quarters are added.
  3. "Tax Return Method. County proportions are derived by the U.S. Census Bureau using matched federal income tax returns to estimate inter-county migration along with vital statistics, group quarters, and other information for the population aged 65 and over."


[10] U.S. Census, 2010.


Bibliography

California Star. 28 August 1847. 1.
California Star. 18 March 1848. 2.
Daily Alta California. 18 April 1851. 2.
Daughters of the American Revolution of California. California Census of 1852, County of San Francisco. 1935.
Dwinelle, John W. Colonial History of San Francisco. 1978: California.
Earliest Census Record of S.F. Found [1798]. San Francisco Examiner. 5 October 1913. 44.
Godfrey, Brian J. Neighborhoods in Transition. 1988: Berkeley, California.
Langley, Henry G. The San Francisco Directory. April 1871 and September 1862: San Francisco, California.
Soulé, Frank, et al. The Annals of San Francisco. 1855: San Francisco, California.
State of California, Department of Finance. County Population Projections with Age, Sex and Race/Ethnic Detail. December 1998: Sacramento, California.
State of California, Department of Finance, Population Estimates and Components of Change by County, July 1, 2000-2010. December 2010: Sacramento, California.
United States Census Bureau. 1850-2010.


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