San Francisco History

Lest We Forget
(transcribed in part by Carolyn Feroben)


"LEST WE FORGET"

COMPLETE STORY OF THE
San Francisco Horror

INTRODUCTION BY
RT. REV. SAMUEL FALLOWS, D. D., LL. D.

A Comprehensive and Connected Account of the Terrible Tragedy that Befell the People of Our Golden City—The Metropolis of the Golden Gate, and the Death and Ruin Dealt Many Adjacent Cities and Surrounding Country. Destroying Earthquake Comes Without Warning, in the Early Hours of the Morning; Immense Structures Topple and Crumble; Great Leland Stanford University Succumbs; Water Mains Demolished and Fire Completes Devastation; Fighting Fire With Dynamite.

SCENES OF DEATH AND TERROR

Thousands Killed, Maimed, or Unaccounted For; Tens of Thousands Without Food or Shelter; Martial Law Declared; Millions Donated for Relief; Congress Makes an Appropriation; Sympathetic Citizens Throughout the Land Untie Their Purse-Strings to Aid the Suffering and Destitute; Property Loss Hundreds of Millions; Appalling Stories by Eye Witnesses and Survivors; The Disaster as Viewed by Scientists, etc.

Comprising Also a Vivid Portrayal of the Recent Death-Dealing
ERUPTION OF MT. VESUVIUS
BY RICHARD LINTHICUM
of the Editorial Staff of the Chicago Chronicle.

Together with twelve descriptive chapters giving a graphic and detailed account of the most interesting and historic disasters of the past from ancient times to the present day.

BY TRUMBULL WHITE.
Historian, Traveler, and Geographer.

Profusely Illustrated with Photographic Scenes of the Great Disasters and Views of the Devasted Cites and Their People.

D.D. Darrow & Co.
PUBLISHERS
St. Joseph, MO.

COPYRIGHT 1906
BY
HUBERT D. RUSSELL


CONTENTS

Preface

Introduction

CHAPTER I.
THE DOOMED CITY.
Earthquake Begins the Wreck of San Francisco and a Conflagration without Parallel Completes the Work of Destruction—Tremendous Loss of Life in Quake and Fire—Property Loss $200,000,000

CHAPTER II.
SAN FRANCISCO A ROARING FURNACE.
Flames Spread in a Hundred Directions and the Fire Becomes The Greatest Conflagration of Modern Times—Entire Business Section and Fairest Part of Residence District Wiped Off the Map—Palaces of Millionaires Vanish in Flames or are Blown Up by Dynamite—The Worst Day of the Catastrophe

CHAPTER III.
THIRD DAY ADDS TO HORROR.
Fire Spreads North and South Attended by Many Spectacular Features—Heroic Work of Soldiers Under General Funston—Explosions of Gas Add to General Terror

CHAPTER IV.
TWENTY SQUARE MILES OF WRECK AND RUIN.
Fierce Battle to Save the Famous Ferry Station, the Chief Inlet to and Egress from San Francisco—Fire Tugs and Vessels in the Bay Aid in Heroic Fight—Fort Mason, General Funston's Temporary Headquarters, has Narrow Escape—A Survey of the Scene of Desolation

CHAPTER V.
THE CITY OF A HUNDRED HILLS.
A Description of San Francisco, The Metropolis of the Pacific Coast, Before the Fire—One of the Most Beautiful and Picturesque Cities in America—Home of the California Bonanza Kings

CHAPTER VI.
SCENES OF TERROR, DEATH AND HEROISM.
Thrilling Escapes and Deeds of Daring—Sublime Bravery and Self-Sacrifice by Men and Women—How the United States Mint and the Treasures Were Saved and Protected by Devoted Employees and Soldiers—Pathetic Street Incidents—Soldiers and Police Compel Fashionably Attired to Assist in Cleaning Streets—Italians Drench Homes with Wine

CHAPTER VII.
THRILLING PERSONAL EXPERIENCES.
Scenes of Horror and Panic Described by Victims of the Quake Who Escape—How Helpless People Were Crushed to Death by Falling Buildings and Debris—Some Marvelous Escapes

CHAPTER VIII.
THRILLING PERSONAL EXPERIENCES—CONTINUED.
Hairbreadth Escapes from the Hotels Whose Walls Crumbled—Frantic Mothers Seek Children from Whom They Were Torn by the Quake—Reckless Use of Firearms by Cadet Militia—Tales of Heroism and Suffering

CHAPTER IX.
THROUGH LANES OF MISERY.
A Graphic Pen Picture of San Francisco in Flames and in Ruins—Scenes and Stories of Human Interest where Millionaires and Paupers Mingled in a  Common Brotherhood—A Harrowing Trip in an Automobile

CHAPTER X.
WHOLE NATION RESPONDS WITH AID.
Government Appropriates Millions and Chicago Leads All Other Cities with a Round Million of Dollars—People in All Ranks of Life from President Roosevelt to the Humblest Wage Earner Give Promptly and Freely

CHAPTER XI.
ALL CO-OPERATE IN RELIEF WORK.
Citizen's Committee Takes Charge of the Distribution of Supplies, Aided by the Red Cross Society and the Army—Nearly Three-Fourths of the Entire Population Fed and Sheltered in Refuge Camps

CHAPTER XII.
OUR BOYS IN BLUE PROVE HEROISM.
United States Troops at the Presidio and Fort Mason Under Command of General Funston Bring Order Out of Choas and Save City from Pestilence—San Francisco Said "Thank God for the Boys in Blue"—Stricken City Patrolled by Soldiers

CHAPTER XIII.
IN THE REFUGE CAMPS.
Scenes of Destitution in the Parks Where the Homeless Were Gathered—Rich and Poor Shared Food and Bed Alike—All Distinctions of Wealth and Social Position Wiped Out by the Great Calamity

CHAPTER XIV.
RUINS AND HAVOC IN COAST CITIES.
San Jose, the Prettiest Place in the State, Wrecked by Quake—State Insane Asylum Collapsed and Buried Many Patients Beneath the Crumbled Walls—Enormous Damage at Santa Rosa

CHAPTER XV.
DESTRUCTION OF GREAT STANFORD UNIVERSITY
California's Magnificent Educational Institution, the Pride of the State, Wrecked by Quake—Founded by the Late Senator Leland Stanford as a Memorial to His Son and Namesake—Loss $3,000,000

CHAPTER XVI.
FIGHTING FIRE WITH DYNAMITE.
San Francisco Conflagration Eventually Checked by the Use of Explosives—Lesson of Baltimore Heeded in Coast City—Western Remnant of City in Residence Section Saved by Blowing Up Beautiful Homes of the Rich

CHAPTER XVII.
MISCELLANEOUS FACTS AND INCIDENTS.
Many Babies Born in Refuge Camps—Expressions of Sympathy from Foreign Nations—San Francisco's Restaurants—Plight of Newspaper and Telegraph Offices

CHAPTER XVIII.
DISASTER AS VIEWED BY SCIENTISTS
Scientists are Divided Upon the Theories Concerning the Shock That Wrought Havoc in the Golden Gate City—May Have Originated Miles Under the Ocean—Growth of the Sierra Madre Mountains May Have Been the Cause

CHAPTER XIX.
CHINATOWN, A PLAGUE SPOT BLOTTED OUT
An Oriental Hell within an American City—Foreign in Its Stores, Gambling Dens and Inhabitants—The Mecca of All San Francisco Sight Seers—Secret Passages, Opium Joints and Slave Trade Its Chief Features

CHAPTER XX.
THE NEW SAN FRANCISCO.
A Modern City of Steel on the Ruins of the City that Was—A Beautiful Vista of Boulevards, Parks and Open Spaces Flanked by the Massive Structures of Commerce and the Palaces of Wealth and Fashion

CHAPTER XXI.
VESUVIUS THREATENS NAPLES.
Beautiful Italian City on the Mediterranean Almost Engulfed in Ashes and Lava from the Terrible Volcano—Worst Eruption Since the Days of Pompeii and Herculaneum—Buildings Crushed and Thousands Rendered Homeless

CHAPTER XXII.
SCENES IN FRIGHTENED NAPLES.
Blistering Showers of Hot Ashes—The People Frantic—Cry Everywhere "When Will It End?"—Atmosphere Charged with Electricity and Poisonous Fumes

CHAPTER XXIII.
VOLCANOES AND EARTHQUAKE EXPLAINED.
By Trumbull White.
The Theories of Science on Seismic Convulsions—Volcanoes Liked to Boils on the Human Body, Through Which the Fires and Impurities of the Blood Manifest Themselves—Seepage of Ocean Waters Through Crevices in the Rocks Reaches the Internal Fires of the Earth—Steam Is Generated and an Explosion Follows—Geysers and Steam Boilers as Illustrations—Views of the World's Most Eminent Scientists Concerning the Causes of the Eruptions of Mount Pelee and La Soufriere

CHAPTER XXIV.
TERRIBLE VOLCANIC DISASTERS OF THE PAST.
By Trumbull White.
Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah and the Other Cities of the Plain—The Bible Account a Graphic Description of the Event—Ancient Writers Tell of Earthquakes and Volcanoes of Antiquity—Discovery of Buried Cities of Which No Records Remain—Formation of the Dead Sea—The Valley of the Jordan and Its Physical Characteristics

CHAPTER XXV.
VESUVIUS AND THE DESTRUCTION OF POMPEII.
By Trumbull White.
Most Famous Volcanic Eruption in History—Roman Cities Overwhelmed—Scences of Horror Described by Pliny, the Great Classic Writer, an Eye-Witness of the Disaster—Buried in Ashes and Lava—The Stricken Towns Preserved for Centuries Excavated in Modern Times as a Wonderful Museum of the Life of 1,800 Years Ago

CHAPTER XXVI.
MOUNT AETNA AND THE SICILIAN HORRORS.
By Trumbull White.
A Volcano with a Record of Twenty-five Centuries—Seventy-eight Recorded Eruptions—Three Hundred Thousand Inhabitants Dwelling on the Slopes of the Mountain and in the Valleys at Its Base—Stories of Earthquake Shocks and Lava Flows—Tales of Destruction—Described by Ancient and Modern Writers and Eye-Witnesses

CHAPTER XXVII.
LISBON EARTHQUAKE SCOURGED.
By Trumbull White.
Sixty Thousand Lives Lost in a Few Moments—An Opulent and Populous Capital Destroyed—Graphic Account by an English Merchant Who Resided in the Stricken City—Tidal Waves Drown Thousands in the City Streets—Ships Engulfed in the Harbor—Criminals Rob and Burn—Terrible Desolation and Suffering

CHAPTER XXVIII.
JAPAN AND ITS DISASTROUS EARTHQUAKES AND VOLCANOES.
By Trumbull White.
The Island Empire Subject to Convulsions of Nature—Legens of Ancient Disturbances—Famous Volcano of Fuji-yama Formed in One Night—More Than One Hundred Volcanoes in Japan—Two Hundred and Thirty-two Eruptions Recorded—Devastation of Thriving Towns and Busy Cities—The Capital a Sufferer—Scenes of Desolation after the Most Recent Great Earthquakes

CHAPTER XXIX.
KRAKATOA, THE GREATEST OF VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS.
By Trumbull White.
East Indian Catastrophes—The Volcano that Blew Its Own Head Off—The Terrific Crash Heard Three Thousand Miles—Atmospheric Waves Travel Seven Times Around the Earth—A Pillar of Dust Seventeen Miles High—Islands of the Malay Archipelago Blotted Out of Existence—Native Villages Annihilated—Other Disastrous Upheavals in the East Indies

CHAPTER XXX.
OUR GREAT HAWAIIAN AND ALASKAN VOLCANOES.
By Trumbull White.
Greatest Volcanoes in the World Are Under the American Flag—Huge Craters in Our Pacific Islands—Native Worship of the Gods of the Flaming Mountains—Eruptions of the Past—Heroic Defiance of Pele, the Goddess of Volcanoes by a Brave Hawaiian Queen—The Spell of Superstition Broken—Volcanic Peaks in Alaska, Our Northern Territory—Aleutian Islands
Report Eruptions

CHAPTER XXXI.
SOUTH AMERICAN CITIES DESTROYED.
By Trumbull White.
Earthquake Ravage the Coast Cities of Peru and the Neighboring Countries—Spanish Capitals in the New World Frequent Sufferers—Lima, Callao and Caracas Devastated—Tidal Waves Accompany the Earthquakes—Juan Fernandez Island Shaken—Fissures Engulf Men and Animals—Peculiar Effects Observed

CHAPTER XXXII.
EARTHQUAKES AND VOLCANOES IN CENTRAL AMERICA AND MEXICO.
By Trumbull White.
A Region Frequently Disturbed by Subterranean Forces—Guatemala a Fated City—A Lake Eruption in Honduras Described by a Great Painter—City of San Jose Destroyed—Inhabitants Leave the Vicinity to Wander as Beggars—Disturbances on the Route of the Proposed Nicaragua Canal—San Salvador Is Shaken—Mexican Cities Suffer

CHAPTER XXXIII.
CHARLESTON, GALVESTON, JOHNSTOWN—OUR AMERICAN DISASTERS.
By Trumbull White.
Earthquake Shock in South Carolina—Many Lives Lost in the Riven City—Galveston Smitten by Tidal Wave and Hurricane—Thousands Die in Flood and Shattered Buildings—The Gulf Coast Desolated—Johnstown, Pennsylvania, Swept by Water from a Bursting Reservoir—Scenes of Horror

CHAPTER XXXIV.
ST. PIERRE, MARTINIQUE, ANNIHILATED BY A VOLCANO.
By Trumbull White.
Fifty Thousand Men, Women and Children Slain in an Instant—Molten Fire and Suffocating Gases Rob Multitudes of Life—Death Reigns in the Streets of the Stricken City—The Governor and Foreign Consuls Die at Their Posts of Duty—No Escape for the Hapless Residents in the Fated Town—Scenes of Suffering Described—Desolation Over All-Few Left to Tell the
Tale of the Morning of Disaster.


ILLUSTRATIONS

1. THE AWFUL HORROR OF AN EARTHQUAKE. Lives, homes and property lost in a few seconds.
2. A PANORAMA OF THE RUINS. Photographed from Nob Hill—City Hall at the left.
3. BUSINESS DISTRICT IN SAN FRANCISCO. View from Nob Hill.
4. JAMES D. PHELAN. Former Mayor of San Francisco, who gave $1,000,000 for the relief of the sufferers. Largest sum given by an individual.
5. EUGENE E. SCHMITZ. Mayor of San Francisco, and who rendered great assistance in bringing order out of chaos.
6. LOOKING EAST ON MARKET STREET.
7. VIEW FROM FIFTH AND MARKET STREETS.
8. MAP OF SAN FRANCISCO AND VICINITY. Showing towns and section of country that suffered the most from effects of earthquake.
9. MARKET STREET SCENE OF RUINS. Looking west on Market Street from 5th Street. The man in gutter was probably shot by the soldiers.
10. U.S GUARDS IN CHARGE OF DEAD. A scene in Jefferson Square where the U.S. Guards are caring for the dead. Note the caskets, dead person layed out on mattress, also guard tents, embalming fluids in demijohns, etc. Name or description of the dead being recorded. Copyright by R. L. Forrest 1906.
11. STREET TORN UP BY EARTHQUAKE. A photograph of street in front of new Postoffice. Note how the car tracks are thrown up and twisted.
Copyright by R. L. Forrest 1906.
12. STOCKTON STREET FROM UNION SQUARE.
13. GRANT AVENUE FROM MARKET STREET.
14. MISSION STREET, SAN FRANCISCO. Photographed from Fourth Street.
15. O'FARRELL STREET. A new steel building which was being erected shown at the right.
16. LOOKING NORTH FROM SIXTH AND MARKET STREETS.
17. THE ORPHEUM THEATER ON O'FARRELL STREET.
18. VIEW FROM VALLEY STREET. This is a view from Valley Street looking down Kearney toward Market. Copyright 1906, by American-Journal-Examiner. All rights reserved. Any infractions of this copyright will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
19. DESTROYED WHOLESALE HOUSES. This photograph shows the wreck and ruin wrought by the earthquake and fire in the wholesale district. Copyright 1906, by American-Journal-Examiner. All rights reserved. Any infractions of this copyright will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
20. CRACKS CAUSED BY THE EARTHQUAKE. Front new Postoffice. Copyright 1906 Tom M. Phillips.
21. EMPORIUM BUILDING. Largest store west of Chicago. Copyright 1906 Tom M. Phillips.
22. BIRDS-EYE VIEW OF SAN FRANCISCO. A general view of city looking west toward the Pacific Ocean, also showing locations such as Nob Hill, business district, Market Street, Golden Gate and the famous Cliff House.
23. HALL OF JUSTICE. As photographs are true to life, they also convey to the eye correct views of this vast destruction. Copyright 1906, by American-Journal-Examiner. All rights reserved. Any infractions of this copyright will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
24. LOOKING DOWN MARKET STREET. Call Building in the distance. Copyright 1906 Tom M. Phillips.
25. VIEW FROM CALIFORNIA STREET. The Call Building also shown in background. Copyright 1906 Tom M. Phillips.
26. VIEW OF MARKET STREET, THE CENTRAL POINT OF THE DISASTER. The tall, square building on the right is the Claus Spreckels building, in which the plant of the San Francisco Call is located; the next building beyond is the Examiner building and the last large building on the right is the Palace Hotel. The tall building on the left is a new sky scraper, erected on the old Baldwin Hotel site.
27. LOOKING TOWARD THE FERRY FROM VALLEJO STREET. Note the people in foreground on the roof top watching the sweep of fire. Copyright 1906, by American-Journal-Examiner. All rights reserved. Any infractions of this copyright will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
28. MARK HOPKINS INSTITUTE, NOB HILL. This Institute which crowned Nob Hill in San Francisco was originally the residence of Mark Hopkins of Central Pacific fame. Nob hill was noted for Palatial Homes. They were destroyed by the fire.
29. UNITED STATES MINT AND SUB-TREASURY, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. This building, which had some $39,000,000 stored in it, remained intact.
30. THE POSTOFFICE BUILDING. This costly and handsome structure was destroyed by fire.
31. JEFFERSON SQUARE. All of the buildings in the background were destroyed. Tents were erected in this square to shelter the homeless.
32. CHRONICLE BUILDING. (An old landmark.)]
33. ST. FRANCIS HOTEL, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. (Destroyed by fire.)]
34. FERRY HOUSE, WHERE INJURED ARE LEAVING CITY. This is the station of the greatest ferry in the world, just outside the fire belt in San Francisco. Hundreds of refugees have been taken from it to Oakland and other points.
35. FREE WATER. The most welcome visitor to the Mission District. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
36. DISTRIBUTING CLOTHES. Handing out clothes to all who need them. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
37. WIRES DOWN. The earthquake shook down wires and poles. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
38. MILITARY CAMP. View in Golden Gate Park. Too much praise cannot be given our soldiers.  Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
39. COOKING IN THE STREET. A familiar scene in San Francisco after the disaster. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
40. WING CITY HALL. Two policemen were buried under walls. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
41. CATTLE KILLED. A view showing a drove of cattle killed by falling walls. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
42. ST. JOHN'S CHURCH. Mission Street looking west. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
43. CAMP KITCHEN. Cooking in Baseball Park. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
44. SHACKS ERECTED IN FEW HOURS. Another view in Golden Gate Park. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
45. GOVERNOR PARDEE OF CALIFORNIA. The prompt help in relief work rendered by Gov. Pardee stamps him as one of the great humanitarians of the present day.
46. MAJOR GENERAL ADOLPHUS W. GREELY. Commander of the Pacific Division of the U.S. Army in the earthquake district. General Greely is well known for his Arctic expedition. Copyright, Clinedinst, Washington.
47. REFUGEES ON TELEGRAPH HILL. These people sought a safe place and are watching their houses and the city burning. Many of them carried bedding, pictures, relics, etc., with them—all they could carry and get to a safe place with their lives. Copyright by R. L. Forrest 1906.
48. GENERAL FUNSTON AND WIFE.
49. THE BEAUTIFUL VENDOME HOTEL, SAN JOSE. This famous hotel was partly wrecked by the earthquake.
50. POSTOFFICE, SAN JOSE. This building faces a beautiful public square and was badly damaged.
51. CORNER OF A BAPTIST CHURCH. A view of a Baptist Church on St. Pablo Avenue, Oakland. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
52. KEARNEY STREET, SAN FRANCISCO. Looking north from Market Street. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
53. FERRY BUILDING. The clock in tower stopped at 5:15. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
54. MILITARY QUARTERS. A view in Golden Gate Park. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
55. RANDOLPH STORAGE. Walls shaken down by the earthquake. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
56. DESTROYED SWITCH BOARD. The electric lighting company. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
57. ST. DOMINICI CHURCH. A part of the steeple shaken out by the earthquake. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
58. ST. DOMINICI CHURCH. A view of the wreck which tells its own story. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
59. CHINESE REFUGEES IN WASHINGTON SQUARE PARK. It was estimated that as many as 10,000 Chinese were in this park at the time this photograph was taken.
60. FLAT BUILDING SUNK INTO EARTH. A view of the great fissures in earth caused by earthquake. One story of the flat building on corner sunk into the ground. The water main was broken, which cut off the water supply. No water to fight the fire or quench the thirst.
61. SEEKING LOST FRIENDS. San Francisco Call Register Bureau. Looking for names on cards. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
62. VAN NESS AVENUE RESIDENCE. All that was left of a fine residence. Copyright 1906 by Tom M. Phillips.
63. TENTING IN THE SQUARE.
64. ALAMEDA PARK.
65. MISSION DOLORES. This is the oldest building in San Francisco. It was founded October 8, 1776. Noted as a mission church.
66. BUILDING CRUMBLED LIKE EGGSHELLS.
67. WRECKED BUILDINGS.
68. GHOULISH THIEVES LOOTING THE DEAD. This harrowing scene shows the way the dead and injured are frequently robbed after a disaster.
69. CRACK IN THE EARTH. This photograph shows a crack in the earth in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, caused by the earthquake. Copyright 1906, by American-Journal-Examiner. All rights reserved. Any infractions of this copyright will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
70. EFFECT OF EARTHQUAKE ON MODERN STEEL BUILDING. The steel framework of many of the modern skyscrapers stood intact after the shock while the brick and stone walls were shaken out.
71. VESUVIUS DURING RECENT ERUPTION.
72. ROAD LEADING TO VESUVIUS BEFORE ERUPTION.


Source: Russell, Herbert D. Lest We Forget. 1906.
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